County List

452 species have been recorded in the county to the end of 2020, listed below

County List

435 species have been recorded in the county to 2013 (a more user-friendly and updated version (447 species) of this list can be found in the members area):

All birds that are BOU Category A, B or C that have been recorded (and accepted by the relevant committee) are listed below. Species that have occurred in the current report are shown in green. If they did not occur in 2020 the year they were last accepted in Cornwall is given. Subspecies accepted in Cornwall are shown in italics, indented and are listed under the main species name.
The various letters and symbols accompanying the species names refer to their status on a county and national level as outlined below:

National Rarities as defined by BBRC are indicated by †

Cornwall description species:

  • (F) FULL DESCRIPTION – Cornwall rarity, all records required, with full supporting notes and photographs
  • (P) PARTIAL DESCRIPTION – All records required with brief supporting notes and photographs, or the names of two other known observers
  • (N) NO DESCRIPTION – All records required but descriptions not normally necessary unless for a record outside the expected location, date or count for that species

BOU species categories (see http://www.bou.org.uk/british-list/ for full details):

  • A  – Recorded in an apparently natural state at least once since 1950
  • B  – Species recorded in an apparently natural state at least once between 1 January 1800 and 31 December 1949, but have not been recorded subsequently
  • C  – Species that, although introduced, now derive from the resulting self-sustaining populations.
  • C1 – Naturalized introduced species: species that have occurred only as a result of introduction (e.g. Egyptian Goose)
  • C2 – Naturalized established species: species with established populations resulting from introduction by man, but which also occur in an apparently natural state (e.g. Greylag Goose)
  • C3 – Naturalized re-established species: species with populations successfully re-established by man in areas of former occurrence (e.g. Red Kite)
  • C4 – Naturalized feral species: domesticated species with populations established in the wild (e.g. Rock Dove/Feral Pigeon)
  • C5 – Vagrant naturalized species: species from established naturalized populations abroad (e.g. possibly some Ruddy Shelduck occurring in Britain). There are currently no species in category C5.
  • C6 – Former naturalized species: species formerly placed in C1 whose naturalized populations are either no longer self-sustaining or are considered extinct (e.g. Lady Amherst’s Pheasant)
  • D – Species that would otherwise appear in Category A except that there is reasonable doubt that they have ever occurred in a natural state
  • E – Species recorded as introductions, human-assisted transportees or escapees from captivity and whose breeding populations (if any) are thought not to be self-sustaining. Species in Category E that have bred in the wild in Britain are designated as E*.

# Species on the official British List but not accepted as having occurred in a genuine wild state in Cornwall.

OrderSpeciesDescriptionCategoryLast year 
1Black Grouse(F)AE1904
2Red-legged Partridge(N)C1E*
3Grey Partridge(P)AC2E*
4Quail(P)AE*
5Pheasant(N)C1E*
6Brent Goose(N)AE
7Dark-bellied Brent Goose(N)AE
8Pale-bellied Brent Goose(N)AE
9Black Brant(F)A1981
10# Red-breasted Goose†AE*2002
11Canada Goose(N)AC2E*
12Barnacle Goose(N)AC2E*
13Snow Goose(P)AC2E*2018
14Greylag Goose(N)AC2C4E*
15Taiga Bean Goose(F)AE*2006
16Pink-footed Goose(P)AE*
17Tundra Bean Goose(F)AE2012
18White-fronted Goose(N)AE*
19European White-fronted Goose(N)AE2017
20Greenland White-fronted Goose(N)AE2018
21Mute Swan(N)AC2
22Bewick’s Swan †(ssp)(P)AE2016
23Whooper Swan(N)AE*
24Egyptian Goose(P)C1C5E*
25Shelduck(N)A
26# Ruddy Shelduck†BDE*2009
27Mandarin Duck(N)C1E*
28Garganey(N)A
29Blue-winged Teal†AE*2012
30Shoveler(N)A
31Gadwall(N)AC2E*
32Wigeon(N)AE*
33American Wigeon – fem/juv(F)AE2017
34American Wigeon – male(P)AE2017
35Mallard(N)AC2C4E*
36Black Duck†A2010
37Pintail(N)AE
38Teal(N)A
39Green-winged Teal(P)A
40Red-crested Pochard(P)AC2E*2016
41Canvasback†AE2000
42Pochard(N)AE*
43Ferruginous Duck†AE
44Ring-necked Duck(P)AE
45Tufted Duck(N)A
46Scaup(N)A
47Lesser Scaup(F)A
48King Eider†A2015
49Eider(N)A
50Surf Scoter(F)A
51Velvet Scoter(N)A
52Common Scoter(N)A
53Long-tailed Duck(N)A
54Bufflehead†AE2012
55Goldeneye(N)AE*
56Smew(P)A2016
57Goosander(N)A
58Red-breasted Merganser(N)A
59Ruddy Duck(P)C1E*2010
60Common Nighthawk†A2008
61Nightjar(N)A
62Chimney Swift†A1999
63Alpine Swift(P)A
64Swift(N)A
65Pallid Swift†A2018
66Little Swift†A2004
67Great Bustard†AE*1879
68Little Bustard†A1996
69Great Spotted Cuckoo†A2014
70Yellow-billed Cuckoo†A
71Black-billed Cuckoo†A1965
72Cuckoo(N)A
73Pallas’s Sandgrouse†A1889
74Rock Dove/Feral Dove(N)AC4E*
75Stock Dove(N)A
76Woodpigeon(N)A
77Turtle Dove(N)A
78Collared Dove(N)A
79Water Rail(N)A
80Corncrake(P)AE*
81Spotted Crake(P)A
82Moorhen(N)A
83Coot(N)A
84Baillon’s Crake†A2017
85Little Crake†A2004
86Crane(P)AE*
87Little Grebe(N)A
88Pied-billed Grebe†A2001
89Red-necked Grebe †(ssp)(N)A
90Great Crested Grebe(N)A
91Slavonian Grebe(N)A
92Black-necked Grebe(N)A
93Stone-curlew(P)A
94Oystercatcher(N)A
95Black-winged Stilt(F)A2013
96Avocet(N)AE
97Lapwing(N)A
98Sociable Plover†A1987
99Golden Plover(N)A
100Pacific Golden Plover†A2018
101American Golden Plover(F)A
102Grey Plover(N)A
103Ringed Plover(N)A
104Little Ringed Plover(N)A
105Killdeer†A2002
106Kentish Plover†A2017
107Dotterel(P)A
108Upland Sandpiper†A2005
109Whimbrel(N)A
110Hudsonian Whimbrel†A2016
111Curlew(N)A
112Bar-tailed Godwit(N)A
113Black-tailed Godwit(N)A
114Turnstone(N)A
115Knot(N)A
116Ruff(N)A
117Broad-billed Sandpiper†A1980
118Sharp-tailed Sandpiper†A2004
119Curlew Sandpiper(N)A
120Temminck’s Stint(P)A
121Long-toed Stint†A1970
122Sanderling(N)A
123Dunlin(N)A
124Purple Sandpiper(N)A
125Baird’s Sandpiper†A2018
126Little Stint(N)A
127Least Sandpiper†A2006
128White-rumped Sandpiper(F)A
129Buff-breasted Sandpiper(P)A
130Pectoral Sandpiper(P)A
131Semipalmated Sandpiper†A2013
132Long-billed Dowitcher†A2011
133Woodcock(N)A
134Jack Snipe(N)A
135Great Snipe†A1868
136Snipe(N)A
137Terek Sandpiper†A2014
138Wilson’s Phalarope†A2015
139Red-necked Phalarope(F)A2014
140Grey Phalarope(N)A
141Common Sandpiper(N)A
142Spotted Sandpiper†A2017
143Green Sandpiper(N)A
144Solitary Sandpiper†A1980
145Lesser Yellowlegs†A
146Redshank(N)A
147Marsh Sandpiper†A2018
148Wood Sandpiper(N)A
149Spotted Redshank(N)A
150Greenshank(N)A
151Greater Yellowlegs†A2011
152Cream-coloured Courser†A1980
153Collared Pratincole†A1986
154Black-winged Pratincole†A1993
155Kittiwake(N)A
156Ivory Gull†A1907
157Sabine’s Gull(P)A
158Bonaparte’s Gull†A2018
159Black-headed Gull(N)A
160Little Gull(N)A
161Ross’s Gull†A2016
162Laughing Gull†A2006
163Franklin’s Gull†A2016
164Mediterranean Gull(N)A
165Common Gull(N)A
166Ring-billed Gull(P)A
167Great Black-backed Gull(N)A
168Glaucous Gull(N)A
169Iceland Gull(N)A
170Iceland Gull (kumlieni)(P)A
171Herring Gull(N)A
172American Herring Gull†A2007
173Caspian Gull(F)A
174Yellow-legged Gull(N)A
175Yellow-legged Gull (atlantis)†A2008
176Lesser Black-backed Gull †(ssp)(N)A
177Gull-billed Tern†A2015
178Caspian Tern†A1997
179Royal Tern†A
180Sandwich Tern(N)A
181Elegant Tern†A2002
182Little Tern(N)A
183Bridled Tern†A2014
184Roseate Tern(F)A
185Common Tern(N)A
186Arctic Tern(N)A
187Forster’s Tern†A2002
188Whiskered Tern†A2016
189White-winged Black Tern(F)A1999
190Black Tern †(ssp)(N)A
191Great Skua(N)A
192Pomarine Skua(N)A
193Arctic Skua(N)A
194Long-tailed Skua(F)A
195Little Auk(N)A
196Common Guillemot(N)A
197Razorbill(N)A
198Black Guillemot(P)A
199Puffin(N)A
200Red-billed Tropicbird†AE2015
201Red-throated Diver(N)A
202Black-throated Diver(N)A
203Pacific Diver†A
204Great Northern Diver(N)A
205White-billed Diver(F)A
206Wilson’s Petrel(F)A
207Black-browed Albatross†A
208Storm Petrel(N)A
209Leach’s Petrel(P)A
210Fulmar(N)A
211Fea’s/Desertas/Zino’s Petrel†A2013
212Cory’s Shearwater(N)A
213Sooty Shearwater(N)A
214Great Shearwater(N)A
215Manx Shearwater(N)A
216Balearic Shearwater(N)A
217Barolo Shearwater†A
218Black Stork†AE2015
219White Stork(F)AE
220Frigatebird sp.†A1995
221Gannet(N)A
222Cormorant(N)A
223Cormorant (sinensis)(P)A
224Shag(N)A
225Glossy Ibis(P)AE
226Spoonbill(N)AE
227Bittern(N)A
228American Bittern†A2010
229Little Bittern†A2012
230Night-heron(F)AE*2016
231Green Heron†A2010
232Squacco Heron†A2015
233Cattle Egret(P)AE
234Grey Heron(N)A
235Purple Heron(P)A
236Great White Egret(P)A
237Little Egret(N)A
238Dalmatian Pelican†A2016
239Osprey(N)AE*
240Honey-buzzard(F)A
241Spotted Eagle†B1861
242Golden Eagle(F)AE1810
243Booted Eagle†D1999
244Sparrowhawk(N)A
245Goshawk(F)AC3E*
246Marsh Harrier(N)A
247Hen Harrier(N)A
248Northern Harrier†A2013
249Pallid Harrier†A2009
250Montagu’s Harrier(F)A2015
251Red Kite(N)AC3E*
252Black Kite(F)AE2018
253White-tailed Eagle(F)AC3E*1973
254Rough-legged Buzzard(F)AE
255Buzzard(N)AE*
256Barn Owl †(ssp)(N)AE*
257Scops Owl†A2002
258Snowy Owl†AE2017
259Tawny Owl(N)A
260Hawk Owl†A1830
261Little Owl(P)C1E*
262Long-eared Owl(P)A
263Short-eared Owl(N)A
264Hoopoe(N)AE
265Roller†A1994
266Kingfisher(N)A
267Belted Kingfisher†A1980
268Blue-cheeked Bee-eater†A1989
269Bee-eater(P)A
270Wryneck(N)A
271Lesser Spotted Woodpecker(P)A
272Great Spotted Woodpecker(N)A
273Green Woodpecker(N)A
274Lesser Kestrel†A1968
275Kestrel(N)A
276American Kestrel†AE1976
277Red-footed Falcon(F)A
278Amur Falcon†AE2017
279Eleonora’s Falcon†A2012
280Merlin(N)A
281Hobby(N)A
282Gyr Falcon†AE2016
283Peregrine(N)AE
284Ring-necked Parakeet(P)C1E*
285Alder Flycatcher†A2008
286Brown Shrike†A2018
287Red-backed Shrike(N)A
288Daurian Shrike†A2013
289Turkestan Shrike†A2002
290Lesser Grey Shrike†A1983
291Great Grey Shrike(P)A2017
292pallidirostris†AE1992
293Woodchat Shrike(P)A
294Yellow-throated Vireo†A1989
295Red-eyed Vireo†A
296Golden Oriole(P)A
297Jay(N)A
298Magpie(N)A
299Nutcracker†A1968
300Chough(N)AE*
301Jackdaw(N)A
302Rook(N)A
303Carrion Crow(N)A
304Hooded Crow(P)A
305Raven(N)A
306Waxwing(P)AE
307Coal Tit(N)A
308Marsh Tit(N)A
309Willow Tit †(ssp)(N)A
310Blue Tit(N)A
311Great Tit(N)A
312Penduline Tit(F)A2004
313Bearded Tit(P)A2017
314Woodlark(N)A
315Skylark(N)A
316Crested Lark†AE1965
317Shore Lark(P)A2014
318Short-toed Lark(P)A2018
319Sand Martin(N)A
320Swallow(N)AE
321Crag Martin†A1988
322House Martin(N)A
323Red-rumped Swallow †(ssp)(P)A
324Cetti’s Warbler(N)A
325Long-tailed Tit(N)A
326Wood Warbler(P)A
327Western Bonelli’s Warbler†A2017
328Hume’s Warbler†A2008
329Yellow-browed Warbler(N)A
330Pallas’s Warbler(F)A
331Radde’s Warbler(F)A2014
332Dusky Warbler(F)A
333Willow Warbler(N)A
334Chiffchaff(N)A
335Chiffchaff (tristis/abietinus)(P)A
336Iberian Chiffchaff†A2018
337Green Warbler†A
338Greenish Warbler(F)A
339Arctic Warbler†A2014
340Great Reed Warbler†A2012
341Aquatic Warbler†A
342Sedge Warbler(N)A
343Paddyfield Warbler†A2016
344Blyth’s Reed Warbler(F)A
345Reed Warbler(N)A
346Marsh Warbler(F)A
347Booted Warbler†A
348Sykes’s Warbler†A2018
349Melodious Warbler(P)A
350Icterine Warbler(F)A2017
351Savi’s Warbler†A2015
352Grasshopper Warbler †(ssp)(N)A
353Blackcap(N)A
354Garden Warbler(N)A
355Barred Warbler(P)A2016
356Lesser Whitethroat(N)A
357Lesser Whitethroat (eastern)(F)A
358Orphean Warbler sp†A1991
359Sardinian Warbler†A2015
360Subalpine Warbler sp †(ssp)(F)A
361Whitethroat(N)A
362Dartford Warbler(N)A
363Firecrest(N)A
364Goldcrest(N)A
365Wren(N)A
366Nuthatch(N)A
367Treecreeper †(ssp)(N)A
368Grey Catbird†A2018
369Rose-coloured Starling(P)AE
370Starling(N)A
371White’s Thrush†A1962
372Varied Thrush†A1982
373Veery†A1999
374Grey-cheeked Thrush†A1998
375Swainson’s Thrush†A1987
376Hermit Thrush†A2013
377Ring Ouzel(N)A
378Blackbird(N)A
379Black-throated Thrush†A2002
380Dusky Thrush†A1983
381Fieldfare(N)A
382Redwing(N)A
383Song Thrush(N)A
384Mistle Thrush(N)A
385American Robin†AE2003
386Spotted Flycatcher(N)A
387Robin(N)A
388Bluethroat(F)A2017
389Nightingale †(ssp)(P)A
390Red-flanked Bluetail(F)AE2007
391Red-breasted Flycatcher(P)A
392Pied Flycatcher(N)A
393Black Redstart(N)A
394Black Redstart (eastern)†A2017
395Redstart(N)A
396Rock Thrush†A1963
397Blue Rock Thrush†A2000
398Whinchat(N)A
399Stonechat(N)A
400Siberian Stonechat†A2017
401Wheatear(N)A
402Isabelline Wheatear†A2016
403Desert Wheatear†A2014
404Black-eared Wheatear†A2002
405Pied Wheatear†A2018
406Dipper(N)A
407House Sparrow(N)A
408Spanish Sparrow†A2000
409Tree Sparrow(P)A
410Alpine Accentor†A1990
411Dunnock(N)A
412Yellow Wagtail(N)A
413Yellow Wagtail b(lue-headed)(N)A
414Yellow Wagtail a(shy-headed)(F)A1990
415Yellow Wagtail g(rey-headed )(F)A2016
416Yellow Wagtail b(lack-headed )†A
417Eastern Yellow Wagtail†A2016
418Citrine Wagtail(F)A2016
419Grey Wagtail(N)A
420Pied Wagtail(N)A
421Pied Wagtail (White Wagtail)(N)A
422Richard’s Pipit(N)A
423Blyth’s Pipit†A2007
424Tawny Pipit†A
425Meadow Pipit(N)A
426Tree Pipit(N)A
427Olive-backed Pipit(F)A
428Pechora Pipit†A1996
429Red-throated Pipit†A2017
430Buff-bellied Pipit†A
431Water Pipit(N)A
432Rock Pipit(N)A
433littoralis(P)A
434Chaffinch(N)AE
435Brambling(N)A
436Hawfinch(P)A2018
437Bullfinch(N)A
438Common Rosefinch(P)A2018
439Greenfinch(N)AE
440Twite(F)A1988
441Linnet(N)A
442Common Redpoll(F)A2008
443Lesser Redpoll(N)A
444Crossbill(N)A
445Goldfinch(N)A
446Serin(P)A
447Siskin(N)A
448Lapland Bunting(N)A
449Snow Bunting(N)A
450Corn Bunting(N)A
451Yellowhammer(N)A
452Pine Bunting†A2009
453Ortolan Bunting(P)AE2018
454Cirl Bunting(N)A
455Little Bunting(P)A
456Rustic Bunting†A2009
457Black-headed Bunting†AE2000
458Reed Bunting(N)A
459White-throated Sparrow†AE2010
460Dark-eyed Junco†AE2008
461Bobolink†A2008
462Baltimore Oriole†A1968
463Black-and-white Warbler†A1983
464Common Yellowthroat†A2006
465American Redstart†A1983
466Northern Parula†A1988
467Bay-breasted Warbler†A1995
468Blackpoll Warbler†A1995
469Wilson’s Warbler†A1985
470Scarlet Tanager†A2011